By Ewart R. Carson, Derek G. Cramp
This booklet is a set of invited contributions, every one reflec ting a space of drugs during which computing options were effectively utilized; yet why the name? From a keep an eye on approach standpoint the purpose of medical drugs is to understand the deviation of a sufferer from the distance of normality, and to propel and steer the sufferer alongside a trajectory again to that house. buying and major taining the data and abilities of this approach is the functionality of medication. the 1st bankruptcy expands in this view. next chapters written via specialists of their respective components conceal a good diversity of software. All provide substantial perception as to the ways that the keep an eye on approach method, facilitated via computational instruments, may be of price while utilized to scientific difficulties. the belief for this ebook arose clearly out of a symposium held on the college of Sussex, Brighton, England, on "Control method innovations and ways in scientific medication" in April, 1982, spon sored by means of the Institute of dimension and regulate and co-sponsored through the establishment of electric Engineers and the Royal Society of drugs. it's not, in spite of the fact that, a "proceedings" of this assembly yet quite a suite of essays that mirror constructing parts during which many have specific curiosity. we expect the amount is well timed and wish that the paintings defined could be an encouragement for others.
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Extra resources for Computers and Control in Clinical Medicine
Biol. , 3:25. Weiss, S. , and Kulikowski, C. , 1979, EXPERT: A system for developing consultation models, in: "Proc. 6th Int. Joint Conf. on Artificial Intelligence", Tokyo: 942. , 1981, Control aspects of human temperature regulation in man, Automatica, 17:351. 46 GROTH Yates, F. , 1979, Physical biology: A basis for modelling living systems, J. Cybern. Inf. , 2:57. 47 CLINICAL DECISION MAKING IN RELATION TO LABORATORY INVESTIGATION: THE ROLE OF THE COMPUTER D. G. Cramp and D. N. Baron INVESTIGATIONS AND CLINICAL JUDGMENT A clinician must consider laboratory investigations as extensions of his own clinical skills in elucidating symptoms and signs when he has to make decisions for the diagnosis and management of an individual patient.
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The word "disease" is loosely used. In popular regard the doctor makes a diagnosis by categorising a "something" that is affecting the patient, and gives it an identity. "Physicians think that they have done a great deal for the patient when they have given his disease a name" - Kant. This name of the disease then serves as a mental index-term to guide his actions and predict the patient's future. Another view may be taken, which is that diseases are convenient reifications. A pathological process acts on a person to produce a patient.