By Markku Ruotsila
This booklet examines the intertwined dynamics of Churchill's anticommunist and geopolitical notion. It seems on the ways that he tried to exploit Finland as either instrument and best friend within the anticommunist initiatives of the 20 th century. Finland seemed a staunch best friend in Churchill's routine efforts to damage or negate foreign communism, however the broader issues of geopolitics and nice energy international relations advanced what could have been an easy job of teaming up with like-minded Finns. The ensuing tensions are explored and defined during this examine of comparative anticommunism in keeping with Churchill's inner most papers and on extra British, Finnish and American files.
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Extra info for Churchill and Finland: A Study in Anticommunism and Geopolitics
47 Yet all this could be changed by the force of events which Churchill was busy arranging behind the scenes. At this particular point, in May-June 1919, all hinged on the final attitude of Yudenich’s superior and the Siberian commander, Admiral Kolchak, and on British replies to Mannerheim’s loan requests. 34 THE RUSSIAN INTERVENTION The breadth and coordination of efforts that ensued in the latter half of 1919 to bring about a concerted military assault has been obscured by historiographical concentration on the simultaneous Council of Four discussions on the recognition of Admiral Kolchak as the de facto head of a Provisional Russian Government.
Even after the Bolshevik coup d’état, these two men believed that eventually Western-style New Liberal/Progressive collectivism and Soviet-style socialism would converge. 17 It did not take long for the so-called Prinkipo Plan to flounder, and for its successor, the April 1919 Hoover-Nansen Plan, to do likewise. The former had proposed a peace conference with the Bolsheviks and all their Russian opponents, and the latter offered food aid to the Bolsheviks in return for certain concessions. While these two initiatives were proffered, Central Europe plunged ever deeper into the welter of Bolshevism, with Bolshevik-style coups d’état taking place in Bavaria and Hungary and soviets of workers and soldiers being founded in Britain, France and even the United States.
16 This was a conclusion practically identical with those reached in large parts of the British and American right, but Churchill was one of those who gave the conclusion its most eloquent rhetorical expression. He drew his own conclusions first as he watched the events in Finland in 1918, and it is not surprising that he assumed he would find men and women in that country, in particular, who had come to the same kind of conclusions and would be willing to undertake extreme measures to remove the threat.