By Roderick Sprague
With archaeological practices being as assorted because the cultures they research, little strengthen has been made to standardize the nomenclature utilized in the Western medical international to explain the actual element of burial and other kinds of physique disposal, which might permit researchers to explain and accurately evaluate those targeted and revealing practices. well known archaeologist Roderick Sprague ultimately offers a long-overdue and much-needed logical define of the variables that are supposed to be indexed to explain our bodies, grave items, and tombs, developing regular phrases for the archaeologists who excavate those burials. Drawing from examples and terminology in ancient archaeology, prehistory, ethnography, and forensic anthropology, this good illustrated, functional, and hassle-free reference textual content may be imperative to all researchers in those and similar fields.
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Extra info for Burial Terminology: A Guide for Researchers
The terminology of Australia, New Zealand, and English-speaking India has been included here, if known, but are the least researched areas. Hawai’i has generally used the typical North American terminology (Buck 1957). The objective here is to define and outline that broad cultural complex commonly known as disposal of the dead and to further define the various terms used in describing the archaeological manifestations of the complex. ” The scheme presented here is equally applicable to prehistory, historical archaeology, ethnography, and ethnology.
FIGURE 22 Semi-flexed burial on back. Note marked angles at hips and knees, after Ubelaker (1999, fig. 18). 4 Discussion of the Classification To help in the book’s use, terms as proposed in this work will be in italics the first time used or where the emphasis helps understanding, foreign language terms and quoted italics will also be in italics, and all other special terms will be placed in quotation marks the first time used and when in a direct quote. Codes with capital roman numerals refer to the classificatory scheme as summarized here in outline form.
The contributions of this work to burial terminology are only four but perhaps are significant. The first is concerned with the exposure of the false dichotomy of inhumation and cremation. They are not mutually exclusive processes (Sprague 1968a). Second is the separation of deposition (how the body is deposited in the grave—on the side) and position (how the body parts are in relation to other body parts in the grave—flexed). Third is the suggestion that the three major positions be labeled extended, semi-flexed, and flexed—a well-justified suggestion but one that thus far appears not to be popular in Great Britain.