By Peter Dorey
For many of the 20th century, the Conservative occasion engaged in an ongoing fight to scale down the facility of the alternate unions, culminating within the radical laws of the Thatcher governments. but, as this booklet exhibits, for a short interval among the tip of the second one international conflict and the election of Harold Wilson's hard work govt in 1964, the Conservative celebration followed a remarkably optimistic and conciliatory method of the alternate unions, dubbed 'voluntarism'. in this time the get together management made strenuous efforts to prevent, so far as was once politically attainable, war of words with, or laws opposed to, the alternate unions, even if this incurred the wrath of a few Conservative backbenchers and the Party's mass club. In explaining why the Conservative management sought to prevent clash with the exchange unions, this learn considers the commercial conditions of the interval in query, the political surroundings, electoral issues, the point of view followed by way of the Conservative management in comprehending business family members and explaining clash within the office, and the personalities of either the Conservative management and the main figures within the alternate unions. Making huge use of basic and archival resources it explains why the 1945-64 interval used to be specific within the Conservative Party's method of Britain's exchange unions. via 1964, although, even hitherto Conservative defenders of voluntarism have been acknowledging that a few kind of respectable inquiry into the behavior and operation of alternate British unionism, as a prelude to laws, was once useful, thereby signifying that the heyday of 'voluntarism' and cordial kin among senior Conservatives and the alternate unions used to be coming to an finish.
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Additional resources for British Conservatism and Trade Unionism, 1945-1964 (Modern Economic and Social History)
As he explained to Churchill himself, ‘on matters which are the subject of collective agreement between organised workers and employers’, the Government ‘relies upon organisations of employers and of workers to act as trustees for the avoidance of disputes and the settlement of wages’, and this form of industrial self-government was ‘even more important … under War conditions’ (NA PREM 4/8212, Bevin to Churchill, 24 March 1943). Meanwhile, although the TUC’s General Council published, in 1944, its own Interim Report on Reconstruction, reaffirming a long-standing commitment to extending public ownership, and greater regulation of those industries which remained privately-owned, it also insisted that: … in all circumstances Trade Unions should retain their present freedom from legal restraints upon their right to frame policy and pursue activities in support of that policy… As voluntary associations of work people, they must, in their policies, interpret the wishes of work people and their actions must be designed to protect in advance work people’s common interests.
Bevin, though, was adamant that free collective bargaining was a sacrosanct principle of trade unionism, and that the patriotism of industrial workers and the trade unions would ensure that wage claims would be reasonable and responsible; the trade unions would exercise voluntary self-restraint, and thereby refrain from unduly exploiting their more advantageous market position and stronger bargaining power (see, for example, Bullock, 1967: 84–92). Fourthly, through their aforementioned membership of sundry committees, the trade unions made a signal contribution to the plans and preparations – some of which were commenced as early as 1941 – for post-war reconstruction.
The clear implication was that the loyalty of a civil servant in terms of faithfully serving the state in the performance of their professional duties, regardless of the party in government, would be seriously compromised if their trade union was affiliated to a political party; they could not then claim to be politically neutral. Meanwhile, the clauses concerning local authority employees were intended to weaken the trade union closed shop, whereby union membership was compulsory, and where refusal to join – or expulsion from – a trade union could result in dismissal from employment.