Download Be Sober and Reasonable. The Critique of Enthusiasm in the by Michael Heyd PDF

By Michael Heyd

"Be Sober and moderate" bargains with the theological and scientific critique of enthusiasm within the 17th and early eighteenth centuries, and with the connection among enthusiasm and the recent average philosophy in that interval. Enthusiasm at the moment used to be a label ascribed to varied members and teams who claimed to have direct divine concept prophets, millenarists, alchemists, but in addition experimental philosophers, or even philosophers like Descartes. The ebook makes an attempt to mix the views of highbrow heritage, Church heritage, background of medication, and heritage of technology, in analysing many of the reactions to enthusiasm. The imperative thesis of the booklet is that the response to enthusiasm, specifically within the Protestant international, could provide one very important key to the origins of the Enlightenment, and to the tactics of secularization of ecu consciousness."

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9. See also Bayle's article on "Comenius" Rem. G. in the Dictionnaire, 68 THE THEOLOGICAL CRITIQUE OF ENTHUSIASM 35 on the theme of the cessation of prophecy and miracles, and the sufficiency of Scripture with which we have dealt above: The completion and perfection of the Canonical Scriptures of the Old and New Testament are such that no new Revelations for the fuller instruction of the whole Church are to be added to them or to be expected . . We are daily instructed sufficiently in the Holy Scriptures and [are taught] all that is needed to salvation, so that the man of God may become perfect, and thoroughly furnished for all good works.

216). 32 Spanheim cites the story of Thomas Schücker from St. Gallen which Bullinger, as we have seen above, used in his debate with the Anabaptists. Significandy, he called Thomas "the mad prophet", a term which does not appear in Bullinger's text. Spanheim includes the story in his second chapter, where he deals with the various writers (including Bullinger) who wrote against the Anabaptists, not in the chapter dealing with "enthusiasm" per se. See Englands Warning by Germanies Woe, pp. 10-11.

379-380, and if. THE THEOLOGICAL CRITIQUE OF ENTHUSIASM 23 of Reformed Christianity—Scripture, the Ministry, and as we shall see below, Christological doctrine as well. Doctnne How, then, was the challenge of enthusiasm to be met? Protestant ministers and theologians from Luther onwards urged their listeners to heed the call of J o h n and to "try the spirits" (I J o h n 4:1). Down to the early eighteenth century, as we shall see in chapter 6 below, this was the standard battle cry in the struggle against the enthusiasts: Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world.

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