By Krisztin Ungvry
The conflict of Budapest (December 1944 to February 1945) was once one of many longest and bloodiest urban sieges of the second one international battle. From the looks of the 1st Soviet tanks at the outskirts of the capital to the seize of Buda fortress, 102 days elapsed. by way of human trauma, it comes moment in basic terms to Stalingrad, comparisons to that have been even being made by way of squaddies, either German and Soviet, scuffling with on the time. This definitive heritage covers their studies, and people of the 800,000 non-combatants round whom the conflict raged.
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Extra resources for Battle for Budapest: One Hundred Days in World War II
Smirnov received two bullets in the leg, and four of the oarsmen were also wounded. Nevertheless, they managed to land the assault squad and the guns. On the way back the pontoon was hit and Smirnov wounded again. By that time only two of the fighters remained unscathed. 45 By the evening of 5 December the Soviet troops had established four bridgeheads, but three were immediately destroyed by swift German counter-attacks: only one, at 20 B AT T L E F O R B U D A P E S T Érd-Ófalu, could be stabilised.
The superior strength48 of the six rifle divisions and the 2nd Mechanised Guard Corps finally overpowered the drained Hungarian forces – the Hungarian 1st Hussar Division, the German 271st Volksgrenadier Division and the 8th Panzer Division – but the front came to a standstill at the Margit Line, between 10 and 20 kilometres from the point of the river crossing, where Malinovsky had to hand over his stalled units to the 3rd Ukrainian Front. An attack of the Hungarian 10th Assault Artillery Battalion, starting between the villages of Baracska and Martonvásár pushed the Soviet troops back almost as far as the Danube north of Ercsi.
V. 4 –6 No 1/I . until15 Nov . divisions, with a ration strength of some 60,000, faced 12 Soviet and Romanian divisions with some 110,000 troops. The smaller German contingent was obliged to bear the larger burden of the fighting and intervene to bail out the badly equipped and demoralised Hungarians. The Hungarian losses may be illustrated by the following examples: The 12th Reserve Division, which had hardly been reorganised after being shattered at Nagyvárad, had lost 50 per cent of its 2100 infantry by midNovember, while the 10th Infantry Division, which had begun with 4000 men, had been reduced to one battalion in each regiment in the encounters at Gödöllo´´ in the first half of December.