Download An introduction to tourism by Leonard J Lickorish PDF

By Leonard J Lickorish

An advent to Tourism is the basic advisor to the tourism undefined. It offers a finished and authoritative creation to all elements of tourism including:
the heritage of tourism; elements influencing the tourism undefined; tourism in constructing nations; sustainable tourism; forecasting destiny trends.


Tourism has replaced substantially lately with the onset of many technological and monetary adjustments and an ever expanding crisis for the surroundings. This booklet presents a down-to-earth advent to this complicated and multi-faceted industry.

This precious creation is written for all scholars of tourism and all these concerned with the who need to know extra in regards to the constitution, part actions and surroundings during which they work.




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Extra resources for An introduction to tourism

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An awareness of quality and sensitivity to environmental satisfaction were new factors influencing consumer preferences. Reaction to political instability also added to the pressures, introducing a new volatility to previously more traditional and stable tourism flows. Length of stay per trip continued to fall over the years. OECD reported average length of stay on international visits in European countries varying from two to a maximum of five nights. This trend was matched by increased frequency of travel.

The underlying concept in the classification of international visitors by place of origin is the country of residence, not their nationality. Foreign nationals residing in a country are assimilated with other residents for the purpose of domestic and outbound tourism statistics. Nationals of a country residing abroad who return to their home country on a temporary visit are included with nonresident visitors, though it may be desirable to distinguish them in some studies. Resident in a country For purposes of international tourism statistics ‘a person is considered to be a resident in a country if the person: (a) has lived for most of the year (12 months) in that country (b) has lived in that country for a shorter period and intends to return within 12 months to live in that country’.

The WTO, in its recommendations to the United Nations, wisely reaffirmed the validity of much of the earlier work, but sought improvement and greater precision in definition and by extending the range of measurement. They recognized, as the earlier systems indicated, that tourism is essentially an economic force, a market rather than a single industry, although with considerable social and environmental impact. Accordingly the principal methods of measurements must relate to the demand side. Nevertheless, the WTO paid much attention to the supply side and gave guidance on the need to include tourism in systems of national accounts.

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