By Thomas Bewick
Within the overdue eighteenth century, the British took larger curiosity than ever prior to in watching and recording all features of the flora and fauna. tourists and colonists coming back from far-flung lands supplied fantastic debts of such unique creatures as elephants, baboons, and kangaroos. The engraver Thomas Bewick (1753–1828) harnessed this newfound curiosity through assembling the main accomplished illustrated consultant to nature of his day.A basic background of Quadrupeds, first released in 1790, showcases Bewick’s groundbreaking engraving thoughts that allowed textual content and pictures to be released at the comparable web page. From anteaters to zebras, armadillos to wolverines, this pleasant quantity good points engravings of over 400 animals along descriptions in their features as scientifically understood on the time. Quadrupeds reaffirms Bewick’s position in heritage as an incomparable illustrator, one whose effect on normal historical past and booklet printing nonetheless endures at the present time.
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Extra resources for A General History of Quadrupeds: The Figures Engraved on Wood
Although the Oxen of this breed, when fed in the ordinary way, do not exceed forty stones the four quarters, one of them, fed by Mr. Spearman, of Rothley Park, in Northumberland, weighed, when killed in 1790, at the age of six years, eighty-one stones. In Great Britain, the Ox is the only horned animal that will apply his strength to the· service of mankind; and, in general, is more profitable HISTORY OF QUADRUPEDS. 37 than the Horse for the plough or the draught. ; combs, and many other articles are made of the horns; we are supplied with candles from the tallow; and from the feet is procured an oil, of great use in preparing and softening leather; besides the well-known benefits derived from butter, milk, and cheese; its blood, gall, liver and urine, have their respective uses in manufactures and medicine.
Stomach, as well as to retain it a considerable time before it be reduced to proper chyle: for this purpose, their intestines are remarkably long and capacious, and formed into a variety. of foldings. They are furnished with no less than four stomachs. The food, after mastication, is thrown into the first stomach, vvhere it remains for some time; after which it is forced up again into the mouth, and undergoes a second chewing: it is then sent directly into the second stomach, and gradually passes into the third and fourth; from whence it is transmitted through the convolutions of the intestines.
Clearest brooks. He i's so much afraid of wetting his feet, that, e\Ten when loaden, he will turn aside, to avoid the dirty parts ofthe road. He is stronger, in proportion to his size, than the Horse; but more sluggish, stubborn, and untract- HISTORY OF QUADRUPEDS. 21 able. He is hardier than the Horse; and of all other quadrupeds, is least infested with lice or other vermin; probably owing to the extreme hardness and dryness of his skin. For the same reason, perhaps, he is less sensitive of the lashes of the whip, or the stinging of flies.